Schaffhausen is a town in northern Switzerland and the capital of the canton of the same name with an estimated population of 34,587. You can go there by train from Zurich. It takes approximately 40 minutes.
The old part of the town has many Renaissance buildings decorated with exterior frescos and sculptures.
The official language of Schaffhausen is the Swiss German.
The Munot is a ring-shaped fortress from the 16th century in the center of Schaffhausen surrounded by vineyards and serves as the town's symbol.
200 years ago, the town was a major vine-growing community with around 200 hectares of vineyards. Wine export to southern Germany and to Switzerland itself was an important revenue.
Since 1830 viticulture has declined massively. Today, around 8 hectares of vines are still being cultivated in the urban area (Canton Schaffhausen: 500 hectares). The Munot vineyard includes now Blue Burgundy vines and Pinot Gris vines. Between 4 000 and 7 000 liters of
"Munälter wine" is produced here every year.
The Rhine Falls in Neuhausen am Rheinfall
The Rhine Falls are the largest plain waterfalls in Europe. The falls are located on the High Rhine near the village Neuhausen am Rheinfall. They are 150 metres wide and 23 metres high. In the winter months, the average water flow is 250 m3/s, while in the summer, the average water flow is 600 m3/s.
Between 600 000 and 150 000 years ago there were times of periodical extensive glacial advancement. The Lake Constance-Rhine glacier forced its way into the old channel in Klettgau and pushed the ice-age Rhine to the south.
Approximately 20 000 years ago the Rhine flew through a hilly moraine landscape. The main stream followed more or less the path of the river today.
About 10 000 years ago was the end of the last Ice Age. Beneath Castle the Rhine digs deeper into the loose channel filling of its earlier river bed. The old canyon rim of hard sandstone is worn away much more slowly, whereby the step of the Rhine Falls was created.
Today the step of the Rhine Falls shifts slowly upstream due to retrogressive erosion. Harder segments of the middle rocks are ground down into striking rock teeth.
You can first walk from the rail station to the 1000 years old Walking Castle. Cross the pedestrian bridge to the bank and turn right. Walk along the river promenade. There are good views of the falls. The river bank is forested for about 200 m. There is a restaurant and a playground in the castle. Next, you go down to the several observation platforms on foot or by the Glass Panoramic Lift.
Admission fee is 5 Franks or 5 Euros.
If you are in Switzerland, then try the traditional Swiss cuisine! The most famous dishes are Cheese Fondue, Meat Fondue, Raclette, Sausage salad, Sausage plate and a lot of fruit spirits... Enjoy your meal in Switzerland!
Enjoy your stay in Switzerland!
And enjoy yourself in Switzerland!