Splendid ancient town Herculaneum in Italy

Herculaneum (Italian: Ercolano) is located close to the volcano Vesuvius. It was an ancient Roman town destroyed by volcanic pyroclastic flows in 79 AD. Herculaneum was buried along with Pompeii, Stabiae, Oplontis and Boscoreale. After excavations you can visit the ruins in the commune of Ercolano, Campania, Italy. However, only 30% of Herculaneum is excavated.

Which excavation site is the most interesting and beautiful to visit? 

Pompeii or Herculaneum? 

This question cannot be answered as a whole, because the atmosphere of the two excavations is different. While the small town Herculaneum invites you to experience the everyday life of the inhabitants, the larger Pompeii impresses with a completely preserved city structure with temples, theaters, spas and brothels.


While ashes were raining in Pompeii, 400 to 500 degrees of boiling lava poured substantially in Herculaneum which carbonized organic material. Due to this charred wood furniture, peas food, grains and even papyrus with numerous names of the inhabitants of the town were found in Herculaneum. All these are important references to eating habits, living conditions and social structures of the Romans. Such testimonies are largely lacking in Pompeii.


In contrast to Pompeii, where casts resembling the body features of the victims, the shapes of corpses in Herculaneum could not be preserved due to the rapid vaporization and replacement of the flesh of the victims by the hot ash (ca. 500 °C). But visitors can see skeletons here. On the whole, 55 skeletons (30 adult males, 13 adult females and 12 children) were found in the town.


Pompeii is a huge open-air museum

The excavations of Pompeii show a completely preserved prosperous city. It impresses with many wonderful houses with wall paintings, frescos, shops with pizza ovens and long streets. Some of the most important finds were brought to the National Archaeological Museum in Naples.


Antique atmosphere in Herculaneum

Romantics prefer the very well-preserved Herculaneum, where you can still feel the atmosphere of that time. The town was wealthier than Pompeii possessing an extraordinary density of fine houses with, for example, far more lavish use of coloured marble cladding.

Herculaneum is much better preserved and it is placed in a narrower space than Pompei. There are 47 excavated buildings preserved by the Vesuvius eruption. You can get the compressed information about buildings and work in the terrain with the audioguide.

Some of the remained frescos, wall paintings and tiles...

I would suggest that you take a one-day trip to Herculaneum. If you travel from abroad to Italy, then Naples would be your first stop. From there you can go by train to the town Ercolano where ruins of Herculaneum are.


Additionally, various restaurants and cafes in Ercolano invite visitors to enjoy famous Italian cuisine...

... delicious desserts...

...and very tasty ice cream...



Enjoy your stay in Ercolano!


Get to know the ancient Roman culture!


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Comments: 21
  • #1

    Mercy (Thursday, 16 February 2017 04:33)

    I find this a very interesting information, it is well detailed and photographed.


  • #2

    viki baum (Thursday, 16 February 2017 08:51)

    Herculaneum is a little jewel. Pompeii is the story ... good day for you...viki

  • #3

    Miriam (Thursday, 16 February 2017 09:45)

    Always wanted to visit Pompeii and after reading this Herculaneum is certainly on my list as well!

  • #4

    Neha (Thursday, 16 February 2017 13:26)

    Beautiful place .... GORGEOUS photos dear....xo, Neha


  • #5

    Lorna (Thursday, 16 February 2017 15:55)

    Oh wow, that looks like a gorgeous place to visit! Thank you for sharing! I love Italy!

    <a href="https://plus.google.com/105163343957204516798/" rel="nofollow">Raindrops of Sapphire</a>

  • #6

    Gingi Freeman (Thursday, 16 February 2017 17:20)

    Oh man, I would LOVE to visit these places someday.. .thanks for sharing this awesome post dear! - http://www.domesticgeekgirl.com

  • #7

    GiGi Eats (Thursday, 16 February 2017 19:24)

    OMG I AM SO SO SO SAD... I wanted to go to H so so so so so so so badly when I was in Italy but the day was already pre-arranged for me! UGH. I AM SOOOOOOO SADDDDDD!!! But I guess..... EXCUSE to go back to ITALY ;)

  • #8

    Anita (Friday, 17 February 2017 13:25)

    Beautiful post with very interesting information
    Thank you so much for good sharing

  • #9

    Rena (Friday, 17 February 2017 14:04)

    Wow, looks really like a visit worth!
    xx from Bavaria/Germany, Rena
    <a href="http://dressedwithsoul.com/">www.dressedwithsoul.com</a>

  • #10

    Natalie Forever (Friday, 17 February 2017 14:33)

    Beautiful place and food :) I wanna be there :D

  • #11

    Denise (Friday, 17 February 2017 18:46)

    Loved to know more about Ercolano and Pompeii, they must be really amazing, the pictures tell this! I like trips that show history and Pompeii being an open air museum would be perfect for me :) Glad I saw the pictures and read the history here! Hope you have a very nice weekend!

  • #12

    Jenna (Friday, 17 February 2017 19:29)

    Great place and stunning pictures! :) I wish I could go there one day!

  • #13

    Kati (Friday, 17 February 2017 20:05)

    Einfach so, so wunderschön!


  • #14

    Massimo (Saturday, 18 February 2017 20:55)

    I can tell you, that Herculaneum is more interesting as Pompeji, because you can see more about the Vesuv. It was very close to the Vesuv. The story and the tourist guides are talking about Pompeji, but Herculaneum is also very impprtant and interesting

  • #15

    Mel (Saturday, 18 February 2017 21:19)

    Didn't know, that there is Herculaneum. I Thought there is only Pompeji :D

  • #16

    serena (Monday, 20 February 2017 12:01)

    is a wonderful place

  • #17

    Rena (Monday, 20 February 2017 16:44)

    Happy new week!
    xx from Bavaria/Germany, Rena
    <a href="http://dressedwithsoul.com/">www.dressedwithsoul.com</a>

  • #18

    Dresscape (Tuesday, 21 February 2017 15:08)

    This is such a lovely post! I've been wanting to visit Pompeii for so long, now Herculaneum is tempting me as well... Thanks for sharing this!


    Claire from Dresscape

  • #19

    Vika (Wednesday, 22 February 2017 13:23)

    Очень интересная информация и нереально красивые фотографии)

  • #20

    Allie Mackin (Monday, 06 March 2017 23:31)

    I know I remember when I learned about this in school as a kid being both fascinated terrified.

    Allie of ALLIENYC

  • #21

    Lisa Isabella Russo (Tuesday, 12 September 2017)

    Oh that looks like an incredible place to visit, thanks for sharing so many lovely photographs and words...